SAIL to generate power from municipal waste
Steel Authority of India Ltd (SAIL), India’s largest steel maker in public sector, will set up a processing plant for generating power from municipal solid waste generated in Bhilai township, company officials said on Saturday.
The processing plant would utilise pyrolysis/ biomethanation/ RDF based Municipal solid waste technology or any other gasification technology for ‘Waste to Energy’ power generation. Power will be generated from 400 tonnes of municipal solid waste per day, officials added.
As per a report of the Union Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Chhattis-
garh has biomass projects generating a total of 249 MW of power as on March 31, 2015. The total power generation from biomass projects by 12 other States during the aforesaid period is as follows- Andhra Pradesh ( 288 MW), Gujarat ( 30.50 MW), Haryana ( 13.50MW), Karnataka ( 107.50MW), Madhya Pradesh (26MW), Maharshtra
(198MW), Odisha (20MW), Punjab (68.50MW), Rajasthan (101MW), Tamil Nadu (211.70MW), Uttar Pradesh (54MW) and West Bengal (26MW).
The Union Ministry of New and Renewable Energy provides Central Financial Assistance at the rate of Rs 25 lakh per Mega Watt for special category States and Rs 20 lakh per Mega Watt for other States with a cap of Rs 1.50 crore per project.
Chhattisgarh produced 527.63 lakh cubic meters of bio-gas from family type bio-gas plants and large bio-gas plants during the 11th Five Year Plan period.
The estimated State-wise production of bio-gas from family type bio-gas plants and large biogas plants installed in the country under different programmes of the Union Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) during the 11th Five Year Plan period is as follows (in lakh cubic metres)- Andhra Pradesh (9969.60), Assam(1616.33) Bihar (2325.94) Goa (71.83) Gujarat (8731.94) Haryana (1112.13) Himachal Pradesh (842.47) Jammu & Kashmir (47.44) Jharkhand (107.19) Karnataka (8213.62) Kerala (2399.30) Madhya Pradesh (5713.25) Maharashtra (15297.74) Manipur (38.80) Meghalaya (146.30) Mizoram (72.40) Nagaland (95.83) Odisha (4402.65) Punjab (2966.70) Rajasthan (1235.30) Sikkim (144.66) Tamil Nadu (5261.66) Tripura (53.25 )Uttar Pradesh(7765.80) Uttarakhand (531.37) West Bengal (6213.70).
About 6.10 lakh family type bio-gas plants were installed during the 11th Five Year Plan against a target of 6.47 lakh plants under the National Biogas and Manure Management Programme.
The data available with the Ministry pointed out that the States which have taken leadership position in implementation of bagasse co-generation projects are Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh.
The Ministry has been implementing biomass power/co-generation programme since mid nineties. A total of 288 biomass power and cogeneration projects aggregating to 2665 MW capacity have been installed in the country for feeding power to the grid consisting of 130 biomass power projects aggregating to 999 MW and 158 bagasse cogeneration projects in sugar mills with surplus capacity aggregating to 1666 MW.
In addition, around 30 biomass power projects aggregating to about 350 MW are under various stages of implementation. Around 70 cogeneration projects are under implementation with surplus capacity aggregating to 800 MW.
Biomass power & cogeneration programme is implemented with the main objective of promoting technologies
for optimum use of country’s biomass resources for grid power generation. Biomass materials used for power generation include bagasse, rice husk, straw, cotton stalk, coconut shells, soya husk, de-oiled cakes, coffee waste, jute wastes, groundnut shells, saw dust etc.
Notably, SUDA in Chhattisgarh is in the process of preparing a Master Plan for implementation of Solid Waste Management Project in all the 168 Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) of Chhattisgarh, officials said.
It will also get a feasibility study and Detailed Project Report (DPR) prepared for all ULBs in the State .
Meanwhile, it may be recalled that top brains currently being nurtured in the country’s premier business and technology schools will soon get assignments to prepare urban development plans for civic bodies in Chhattisgarh.
The Chhattisgarh Urban Administration and Develo-
pment Department has decided to invite interns comprising mainly students and researchers from renowned institutions like IITs and IIMs who would help in preparing better plans for management of water supply, low cost housing, sewerage management, solid waste management, poverty eradication, study of various State and Central schemes related to vehicular traffic management in urban areas.
Moreover, as per official information released during May this year, under the AMRUT Mission the nine municipal corporations- Raipur, Bilaspur, Durg, Bhilai, Korba, Rajnandgaon, Raigarh, Jagdalpur and Ambikapur- have been selected wherein ‘Shahar Sandhan Yojna’ (City Research Scheme) will be launched.
The scheme is aimed at utilising the educational knowledge of students and researchers in better development of cities, officials said.
SUDA has already issued directives to all nine Municipal Corporations in this regard.
The students in final year of graduation or post graduation studying Engineering, Management, Town Planning, Environment, Technology or Social Studies will be eligible for carrying out the studies. The research scholars can also take part in the studies in various municipal corporations.
Notably, the Raipur Municipal Corporation (RMC) would soon be setting up an Organic Waste Converter ( OWC ) for conversion of organic waste generated daily in the vegetable markets in the city.
The waste collected would be converted into organic manure.
Notably, 100 per cent door-to-door collection and waste segregation would be taken up as per RMC’s ‘Smart City’ plans.
It may be recalled that last year, the Chhattisgarh Government decided to establish composite production unit in vegetable markets of cities across the State for manufacturing organic fertilizer using fruits and vegetables.
SUDA has issued directives to all 168 urban bodies to send information about the vegetable markets in respective areas, where significant amount of fruit-vegetable waste is found.
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