After the collapse of the Ghazipur landfill site killing two persons last month, the Housing and Urban Affairs Ministry has announced that it will provide Rs 300 crore to the three municipal corporations for visible improvement in solid waste management in the national Capital.
According to the Ministry, North, South and East Municipal Corporations of Delhi will spend Rs 100 crore each on procuring modern equipment for waste disposal. An assistance of Rs 80 crore to each municipal body will be provided from the Urban Development Fund operated by the Delhi Development Authority to procure a total of 549 units of modern equipment.
All equipment, including treatment plants, will have to be procured and commissioned by the end of this year. This was announced by Union Housing and Urban Affairs Minister Hardeep Singh Puri on Friday while addressing a seminar on urbanisation organised by the Public Affairs Forum of India.
The Minister also said under the proposed plan, automated machinery, equipment and other systems will be procured for better collection, transport and storage of garbage, decentralised treatment and better maintenance of sewers and drains.
Soon after assuming office, Puri had raised the problem of garbage disposal and management in the national Capital during a discussion on the Swachchh Bharat Mission (Urban) in the Ministry and desired an action plan for improving the situation.
About 14,000 metric tonnes of solid waste are generated in Delhi daily.
The city currently treats 5,100 metric tonnes of solid waste daily, out of which only 200 metric tonnes are treated through composting, while
the rest 4,900 MT through incineration.
The rest is dumped in four large dumping sites, including Ghazipur, which at present holds 130 lakh metric tonnes of solid waste.
This initiative by the Government will quickly add a waste treatment capacity of 670 metric tonnes for bio-degradable waste, besides preventing release of foul gases, odour and proliferation of germs, pathogens and pests.
As per the plan, 50 battery-operated litter pickers would be procured for market areas in each municipal body, apart from a total of 272 auto-mounted litter pickers, one each for every ward.
Apart from that, 20 accelerated composters of one-tonne per day capacity and ten biomethanation plants of five-tonne per day capacity would also be procured.
The municipal bodies will also set up decentralised treatment plants. Other equipment and machines to be procured include compacters, underground bins, mechanical road sweepers, and super sucker re-cycler machines for drains and sewers, said the Minister.
Realising the growing importance of odour as a component of waste, the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) recently came out with a report on ‘Odour Monitoring and Management in Urban Management of Solid Waste landfill Sites.’ The report chose Ghazipur as a case study to see the effect of odour in and around the landfill.
The CPCB also measured odour as per its intensity level on a scale of 0 to 6, with 6 being extremely strong odour. The report stated that the odour from the landfill spread up to an area of 700 metres and even more at certain sections. The report also stated that since there were no odour management methods in place, the odour from the landfill had only increased over the years.