Today is an important date in the history of the world when two incidents happened which shook the world. One was attack on World Trade Centre in New York in 2001 and the other was the speech given by Swami Vivekananda. On the historic September 11, 1893, when Swami Vivekananda delivered his three-minute speech at Parliament of World Religions in Chicago, he actually gave the world a global economic development model which if practised, can help nations overcome economic crisis, feel the experts.
The voices raised by people today around the globe generally revolve around the incapacity of Governments to deliver, their empty rhetoric on the issues which concern a common man, fake promises that are rarely translated into decisions. Global recessions and economy slowdowns seem to be regular phenomena in the world today. Although known mostly as a spiritual leader, Vivekananda’s main motive all through his life had been the prosperity of India and the world. He tried to build a bridge between the age old Indian moral and ethical approaches to life and modern economic needs of India. He gave the call to elevate the masses without injuring their religion and stressed on the fact that the fate of a nation depends upon the condition of the masses. During his course of lectures in Chicago in 1893, Swami Vivekananda declared that religion was not the crying need of India. He said this as his heart was tormented by the sight of extreme poverty, starvation and destitution of the people in India.
Speaker at the World Parliament of Religions in Toronto last year, Swami Nikhileshwarananda said, “Swami Vivekananda advocated the development of the industrial sector for economic progress. He emphasised the use of modern science and technology to solve India’s problems. He wanted India to develop into a scientific and technological power like the western countries. It was the suggestion made by Swamiji to Jamshedji Tata that led to the establishment of the prestigious Indian Institute of Science.”
The seer had emphasised on domestic production instead of imports which has become very important for India now, as the country has been facing the heat at several fronts due increased imports in different sectors during recent periods.
“Why do you import matchbox from Japan and allow them to take away the major share of the money? By that you can earn only a small profit. If you manufacture it in India, you can earn more, while some people will get employment, and the money of our country will remain there.” By stating this, Vivekananda had actually given Make in India model which presently Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given, said Arun Saraswat, president of SIIDCUL Industrial Association. It seems he also discussed the need for technical education in India.
He was aware that India could be built only by developing the entrepreneurial talents of people. Hence he encouraged self-employment activities at different levels. He was concerned that the art works of the village communities were neglected and wanted them to be taken up by those in towns. He underlined the need for the cottage and small scale units, as he was aware of the negative effects of the big industries.