Under the 45th series of its online exhibition by Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sangrahalaya, today presented From the Desert Village of India Open Air Exhibition Neem Ki Dhani (Jhopa-Traditional dwelling complex of Rajput community, Jaisalmer) situated in the Open Air Exhibition of Manav Sangrahalaya has been presented online with its basic information and photographs and videos.
About this exhibition, Praveen Kumar Mishra, Director, IGRMS, said that – In rural Rajasthan main settlements (Abadi) and the hamlets (Dhanis) are always located close to the agricultural land. The use of different materials for building the houses mainly depends upon their local availability. The type of structure is closely related to the climatic conditions. One of the most characteristic features of Rajasthan is the great extremes of temperature.
The winter is quite cold. The geography and the resultant climate determines to a large extent the use of the materials in the construction of houses and their structural detail. The usual form of dwelling is locally known as ‘Jhopa’ This is a circular hut with thatched roof we can find “Jhopa” either independent or in a complex The exhibit entitled “Neem ki Dhani” displayed in the “Desert village” open air exhibition of IGRMS is of a Traditional house type of rural Rajasthan.
About this exhibition, assistant curator Rakesh Bhatt said that “Kotha”; the drawing room or living room with elaborated “Jali” occurs the central position in house linked with ‘Kud’, a small room for women and “Chouhara ottara” another small unit as guest room at left however another ‘Kud’ as kitchen and Chouhara; for new bride have been constructed subsequently.