Global warming: 2023 a climate alert

| | New Delhi
  • 0

Global warming: 2023 a climate alert

Thursday, 21 September 2023 | Pioneer News Service | New Delhi

Global warming: 2023 a climate alert

Just as the world sweated it out in the record-breaking hottest July,  a new study has now  warned that 2023 will be no exception as it is expected to be the hottest year ever, marking another alarming milestone triggered by climate change induced El Niño.

This serves as a stark reminder of the urgent need for decisive action on the climate change front.

A study based on the China global Merged Surface Temperature dataset 2.0 (CMST 2.0), from Sun Yat-sen University which has revealed these alarming facts, comes after NASA and the European Union Climate Monitor recently also stated 2023 to be the hottest on record.

As per NASA, July was estimated to have been around 1.5 degrees Celsius warmer than the pre-industrial average for 1850-1900. It said July was 0.33 degree Celsius warmer than the previous warmest month, July 2019.  In fact, Asia, Africa, and South America each had their warmest July on record.

South America had its highest monthly temperature anomaly of any month on record. The hottest of these was July 6, when the average daily global temperature was recorded to be 17.08 degrees Celsius, according to reports.

For the new study published in Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, the researchers analysed the CMST 2.0 dataset and discovered that 2023 has already experienced the third hottest first half-year since records began, narrowly trailing 2016 — the warmest year — and 2020 — the second warmest. The global mean sea surface temperatures (SSTs) surged to an all-time high in April, while global mean land air temperatures followed suit by reaching their second-highest monthly level in June.

This combination resulted in May being crowned the hottest month ever recorded for global mean surface temperatures.

Global temperatures will continue to rise into the second half of 2023, driven by factors, including El Niño and widespread wildfires.

Both global mean SSTs and global mean land temperatures reached unprecedented highs for July, shattering previous records.

“Given the current trajectory and short-term forecast results of El Niño, along with the extremely positive phase of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation that strongly influences global surface temperatures, 2023 is expected to be the hottest year on record,” said Professor LI Qingxiang from Sun Yat-sen.

“Moreover, 2024 may witness even higher global surface temperatures,” added LI, also a research fellow at the Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

The CMST 2.0 dataset is one of the most comprehensive global surface temperature benchmark datasets to date. It takes into account the accuracy of both global and regional climate change, raising the level of global temperature monitoring to a new level.

The dataset integrates over a century’s worth of global land air temperature data and state-of-the-art research results from across the globe, resulting in an invaluable resource for climate scientists and policymakers.

Based on this dataset, the team was the first to point out that the much-talked-about “global warming hiatus” during the last decade was just a statistical artefact, and in 2022, the dataset was expanded to include Arctic temperature data, further enhancing its global coverage.

As global warming accelerates, the likelihood of extreme weather events and disasters increases. Therefore, immediate and sustained efforts are needed to mitigate the devastating impacts of climate change.

State Editions

MCD to rent out its office building complex

04 December 2023 | Staff Reporter | Delhi

Teams formed to cage leopard spotted in Sainik Farm

04 December 2023 | Staff Reporter | Delhi

Minimum temperature at 10 degrees Celsius

04 December 2023 | Staff Reporter | Delhi

Maurya: BJP won the semi-finals

04 December 2023 | PNS | Lucknow

Sunday Edition


03 December 2023 | Swarn Kumar Anand | Agenda

CLIMATE change and health

03 December 2023 | Archana Jyoti | Agenda

Having Sleep Troubles? Practise Sleep Hygiene!

03 December 2023 | Dr Rahul Jain | Agenda

Astroturf | Learn to live in togetherness

03 December 2023 | Bharat Bhushan Padmadeo | Agenda