Nation wins

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Nation wins

Wednesday, 05 June 2024 | Pioneer

Nation wins

A smooth power transition demonstrates the strength of democratic values in the country, and people's will

The Lok Sabha elections 2024 have concluded, and all eyes are now on the formation of a new Government. It is often said that India is the world's largest democracy, and it is not a cliché. With a population exceeding 1.4 billion and an electorate of over 900 million, the nation’s democratic processes are a colossal undertaking. But more significant are the democratic ideals that provide a rock-solid foundation for democracy. For over 75 years, we have not had a single instance when the transition of power was not smooth or when the parties fought after the announcement of results. Despite the immense diversity and complexity involved, India's democracy thrives, exemplifying how smooth elections facilitate the change of Government, ensuring that people's will prevails. It is made possible by several institutions and frameworks that provide India with a robust democratic setup The Election Commission of India (ECI), for instance, plays a pivotal role in ensuring free and fair elections. Through meticulous planning and the deployment of technology, the poll panel ensures transparency and efficiency, minimising electoral fraud and ensuring compliance with the model code of conduct. Though it is not above controversy by and large it does a decent job election after election.

Though the voter turnout this time was marginally lower than in the previous elections, the general level of voters' participation is high. Citizens from diverse backgrounds, including urban centres and remote villages, exercise their franchise with enthusiasm. This mass participation underscores the faith of Indian populace in the democratic process and their belief in the power of their vote to effect change. However, the biggest credit for the wellbeing of democracy in India must go to the political parties. Despite ideological differences, they have generally displayed a commendable level of maturity in accepting poll results. This acceptance is crucial for maintaining political stability and public trust. The peaceful transition of power, whether from one party to another or within a coalition, highlights the commitment of political institutions in upholding democratic values. If one institution stands out as the vanguard of the Constitution without bowing to the powers that be, it would be the Supreme Court of India. The Indian judiciary acts as a guardian of the Constitution, ensuring that electoral laws are adhered to and disputes resolved impartially. Landmark judgments and interventions by the Supreme Court  have often strengthened electoral integrity and reinforced democratic norms. While India's democratic machinery functions effectively, it is not without challenges. Issues such as electoral violence, money power and misinformation campaigns occasionally taint the electoral process. India's democracy flourishes due to the strength of its institutions, the active participation of its citizens and the maturity of its political parties. It is both fragile and resilient, and its survival depends on our collective consciousness.

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